Brexit has been in our minds since 2016 and now it became a reality, as the UK has officially left the European Union. Many changes will take place and it will affect students travelling, volunteering or studying abroad in the EU.
What does it mean for EU citizens?
The UK government has reached an agreement with the EU to protect individuals living in the UK. That means that most EU citizens living in the UK will be able to continue their lives as usual. In fact, up until June 30, 2021, all EU students who are studying in the UK have the “right to reside,” which means they have the right to live in the UK without further application.
After June 30, 2021, you may be eligible to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme, which will allow you to continue to stay in the UK. This application will require certain residence documents, which you can start to apply for now.
Living/Working in the UK
In the future, after December 31st 2021, if you plan to move to the UK or work there, you need to apply for the work permit. You can find more information on how to apply and the rules here.
Studying in the UK
The same goes for studies in the UK. If you want to start your studies in the future in the UK, after December 31st 2021, you need to apply for a student visa. Take a look at the information regarding studying here.
What does it mean for people from the UK?
Until the end of 2020, UK citizens living in Europe don’t have to expect changes.
Living/Working in the EU
If you’re already a resident in the EU, before December 31, 2020, you’ll need to apply for a residence status to confirm your residency.
Studying in the EU
You may need to apply for a student visa, to continue your studies in European countries. Keep in mind that in the future, students from the UK, can also face higher fees in EU countries, as they will no longer be eligible for domestic rates.
Here you can find a really good guide for people from the UK living, working, studying in the EU and what comes next. You can choose the country where you’re staying and it will provide you with the information you need.
Travelling after Brexit in UK and EU
Travel to the UK
Citizens of EU, EEA and Swiss, can continue to enter to visit UK for short-term stays, without needing a visa, as it will not change until 2021.
Until then, to enter UK until that time, if you’re from EU country, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, you need:
- Valid passport or national identity card
Travel to EU
Until the end of 2020, you can travel to the EU as a citizen of the UK, the same way as when the UK was an EU member. If you’re already planning to travel to the EU in 2021 or further, the restrictions vary, depending on how the EU and UK will settle the rights, as it is still under negotiation.
Until the end of this transition period, you can travel with your passport. Once the transition took place, travellers from the UK can visit countries in the EU up to 90 days without a visa. After this period, you may need to apply for a visa.
You can still travel freely with a passport until the end of the transition period. This applies to UK citizens going to the EU and EU citizens coming to visit the UK.